21 October 2021

Frieze 2021 – a free sculpture trail in Regents Park

There's still a few days to have a wander around, through, on, and across the artworks situated in the south east corner of Reegent's Park adjacent to the formal gardens. Ends 31st October.

On the day I visited the weather was changeable; it had rained that morning and the afternoon was one minute grey and moody, the next minute bright and sunny, but mostly the former, which is evident in these pictures. I will be making an effort to visit again on a bright sunny morning.

Lots of the artworks are interactive and designed to be walked on or through, and many children, and adults too, were making the most of this. It was delightful. Other people were more interested in taking selfies with the sculptures as backdrops. Ooh look at me. I was here, etc. Yet when they afterwards walked over to the information panels to see the titles of the pieces and the artist explanations, many of these snappers simply sneered and moved away quickly, talking loudly about how the art or artist was stupid. And I thought, er, you didn't think that when you were taking a pic of it, you heathen! 

And then there were the people who stood around the periphery taking wide shots, no doubt getting rather fed up with me as I walked up close, looking for alternative views, crops and reflections, having set myself a 'find the unusual angle' task for the day. Once I realised I was effectively photobombing I simply continued in my quest or moved slightly to the left or right as if I hadn't noticed them. Ha ha.

Until 31st October. Closest tube station: Great Portland Street or Regent's Park.

18 October 2021

More wood block paving in London

Earlier this year I pulled together a collection of images showing areas of road and pavements where I have discovered patches of wood block surfaces, see here.

Well, I've found another one and two of my contemporaries have spotted others. All three are where small sections of wood remain within removable metal sections, such as man hole covers.

Ian Visits recently posted on his Instagram page that he found this one on the corner of Redcross Way in Southwark Street:

The wood blocks here are really large here; possibly the largest pieces I have seen as each takes up half of each quadrant and look to be cut specifically for this man hole cover. 

Dave Brown alerted me to a grid of wood that he spotted in Leo Yard, a little alley off Clerkenwell Road:

It's very unusual – Dave's pic here seems to indicate that it's a lightwell (for letting light down into a basement area) that has later been in-filled with wood. This little courtyard is not googlestreetviewable so I need to go and check it out for myself – I will then update this post with some alternative photos.

And, finally, my own find. Having walked up an down St John Street from Angel to Barbican many many times over the decades, I am surprised that it took me until September 2021 to notice this beauty at athe junction of Spencer Street, betwteen The City University buildings and the Spa Green Estate:

There are sure to be more... do let me know if you spot any others

12 October 2021

Return to Romford – the changing face of an Essex market town

Two months ago I wrote that in mid-August I made a return visit to Romford, the Essex town I grew up in, to see how the market and adjacent streets had changed. When I started to write about it on here I didn't get further than reminisciences about my time there as a child and teenager and I have now finally found the time to return to the subject and write this update. though, this is probably longer than my first misive. Hold on to your hat, pour yourself a glass of something, sit tight, and read on...

Pre my re-visit, almost everyone I spoke to about it told me how disappointed I would be when I got there. 'Prepare yourself', they said. Well, it turns out I was pleasantly surprised. Perhaps I had expected the worst. I really enjoyed seeing things I had never noticed before and seeing how the area has evolved.

When I exited the station, the sun was shining, the sky was blue, and I had a real sense of belonging being as most things looked familiar, although Hollywoods, the nasty big homgenous nightclub that had been built on the site of the coal yards in the 1980s, is now gone, as is the ABC cinema further along South Street. I was remided of my junior school friend Lynne who lived in Regarth Avenue at the side of the cinema. Memories too of dressing up to look older to be able to get in and see some movies – successful! 

Looking around now I can see how much of thie station area was reconstructed in the 1930s including the building shown on the right of the pic here where Hayley, my NewZealandish* junior school friend lived with her family, in a one floor apartment accessed from the rear via an alleyway. I turned into Victoria Road and noticed more 1930s buildings interspersed with Victorian and Edwardian houses converted into shops. The street was a delightful revelation to me now, a patchwork of architecture I had never noticed in the past and many of the buildings were still recognisable, albeit adapted.

Memories kept pinging back to me as I walked up Victoria Rd, such as the butcher's shop at the station end. I didn't like it there because when I was young, perhaps 5-7yrs old, Alf the butcher would make too much of a fuss of me and try to pick me up. I hated it and would offer to stand (hide) outside with my sister Anna in her pram or push chair waiting for mum rather than risk his attention. However, on the flip side, I fondly remember Robbie's the toy shop on the opposite side of the road (see pic left) absolutely packed to the ceiling with tempting things. Here I bought Matchbox cars as presents for my sister – she loved the ones that had moving parts such as Tow Joe and Piston Popper. She still has them all – carefull stored in their boxes.

There was a lovely baker's shop further along here, a homewares shop run by school friend's parents, and still into the late 80s there was a row of three or four functioning chocolate bar dispensers on the wall outside the sweet shop.  

I made my way up the road. As I crossed King Edward Road I remembered Theresa Edward's damaged and dislodged fingernail and how we were all fascinated by its progress (kids eh!) and this threw up other names in my junior school class – Belinda, Susan, Tracy, Dawn, Julie and Sandra – thinking how these are all names of a certain era not given to new borns this past decade. Jane too. Ah but things are circular and our time will again come. Ditto Barry, Malcolm, Glyn, Keith, Gerald, Neil and Kevin. I crossed
George Street and, as I did, I suddenly rembered my favourite teacher from when I was eight years. Mr Cooper taught us about english, maths and geography but also got us back-flipping, hand-standing and walking upsidedown like a crab, and inspired by him I somehow achieved three BAGA gymnastic badges. Ah to be age 8 again. This is the age I think designates what we will do, or should be doing, for the rest of our lives. For instance, at that age I was so inquisitive and keen to learn. I was into everything. Questions questions. Give me a project and I would produce a magazine with articles and pictures. Butterflies. Disney. Trees. Moaris. I remember hurling myself into all of these things like no other child in the class seemed to be doing. And here I am still doing it! 
A few paces across the junction, I passed the site of Bevin's the hardware store (I fondly recall the man's gentle and helpful demeanour) and the PDSA where we took our dog a few times to be treated. I looked across the road and was delighted to see that WetPets is still going strong decades later! This was one of my favourite shops – a nocturnal indoor world of colourful aquatic animals. We had an indoor fish tank in the liveing room and often went to there to buy new tropical fish, plants, gravel, specialist food etc. I think Twins wedding shop next door has been there a long time too, though it's not somewhere I would have ever need to venture inside(!).  
I turned into Albert Road, passing theVictoria pub on the corner which still looks to be doing well. I don't hink I ever went in there more than twice, and even then I was probably only looking for my dad. As a child, I didn't like my street because I thought it was a mess compared to everywhere else I knew. It was a mix of all-sorts, like a trial zone for testing housing styles that would be better implemented elsewhere. My friends lived on nice uniform streets where the houses were almost the same. Why not us? 
Oh dear. Silly me. Today I absolutely love streets like this as they show the changing face of the area, the local history. This street and Victoria Rd (Duh, check the street names!) are obviously some of the first-developed streets in the area and hold the clue to so much. At the Victoria Rd end there is still a short row of late Georgian brick cottages and, apart from some replaced windows and paved front gardens, they've not really changed much. Opposite that I recall there was a petrol station for a while which backed onto a large Victorian detached house, set back from the adjacent streets where, in the 1960-70s my schoolfriends Mark and Belinda Francis used to live. Happy memories of going there after school. I loved that house and the way it was accessed via a little footpath off Shaftesbury Avenue. All gone now. And Mum used to say that she thought 48-50 Albert Rd was the original farm house of the area, but it's hard to make that out now.

I approached Manor Primary School in the middle of Albert Road. Our house was two doors away to the left, which meant, even though I loved school and was keen to learn things, that I could leave the home at the last minute. I'm sad to see that the red brick buildings are today boarded up. It hasn't been a junior school for decades. For a while it was the Century Youth House. I hope it gets repurposed soon. 

As a small child I fondly recall using the local shops in the street and at the end of the road. There was a small family-run provisions shop sort of opposite Shaftesbury Avenue, next door to a hairdresser which I now see is a dog groomer. A few doors along from us, approx at No. 53 was a greengrocer where I went to buy 4lb of King Edwards, plus and carrots and other veg in a bag made from garden chair material. Next door to that was a something to do with transport, I think, and I recall a yellow Scimitar car and some people who had four unruly but beautiful saluki dogs. 

At the Hornchurch end of the road, I used to love going into Speights the baker on the corner of Brentwood Road and Park Lane – the queue, the lovely staff, the smells, the bridge rolls, the split tins, the cream slices, the fanned-out stack of tissue paper. The building is still there with a Vitbe bread sign attached (Vitbe was obviously an attempt by Allied Bakeries to compete with Hovis.) 

This is still a good parade of useful local shops today – there is still a thriving fish and chips shop (i recall the long queues on Fridays!) and Sovereign motor spares is still going but Blands grocer is long gone (part of VG Stores). Ditto Mr Harris the pork butcher just round the corner in Park Lane, all spick and span in his butcher's straw hat and stripey apron. I can hear his jolly voice in my head right now and his ha ha ha laugh. I really enjoyed watching him make chains of sausages. He won awards for them and they were indeed very good and spoiled me for other brands which were never up to his standard.  Oh, and how could I forget Nan's sweet shop at No.89 at the end of Albert Road? Rows of tempting tall sweet jars on the shelves and lots more fab stuff on the counters. A quarter of nut brittle, a quarter of toffee bonbons, some licquorice string, a packet of sweet cigarettes and a Curly Wurly please! The staff in there were lovely. One of the ladies had an amputated arm though I tried not to look at it I was fascinated how she still managed to hold and fill the bags. I thought she was beautiful and really tried not to stare. 

From Albert Road I made my way back down to the station via Eastern Road, walking past where a long row of impressive Victorian villas used to be. As an art assignment in 1978/9, Mr Lloyd had sent a couple of us there telling us that these old family houses were due for demolition. At that time I just didn't understand the significance or why I should care. Perhaps Mr Lloyd knew that one day this would be something that would indeed interest me. I've dug out my sketch book which contains a few of my efforts including this felt pen version. Within months of this, the houses had gone and were quickly replaced by characterless office blocks containing insurance companies and the like.
The end of Eastern Rd meets South Street at the station. There is an impressive Art Deco style building to the right that was constructed by Times Furnishing and is today a Co-op grocery store. I recall the furniture store as a landmark but don't think I ever went inside. Perhaps Mum or Dad had pointed it out to me as a comparison to Harrison Gibson's furniture store in Ilford which is where they both previously worked. The Times building is looking fabulous at the moment even without the ground floor walk-through windows that used to be there. The 'T' for Times motifs at the top of the vertical fins are still clearly visible.
However, the Odeon cinema next door, also built in the 1930s, is barely recognisable today as barely anything is left to hint at it once being a movie house. I recall long queues here too, all the way along the side street down to the brutalist spiral entrance of the multi-storey carpark which, I'm pleased to see, is still there. Who'd have thought 40 years ago that I would one day be singing the praises of a car access ramp?! And I remember my friend telling me that her sister dragged her to this Odeon to go and see someone called David Bowie. We didn't have a clue who he was, yet years later Hunky Dory and Ziggy Stardust were the favourite cassettes to play in our cars.
It's odd that I remember the Times façade but not the other 1930s buildings further along on the other side of the road. This would have been a keeping up with the zeitgeist effort – look at us; we're still current, we're moderene! Today this stretch is mostly food outlets, charity shops and chain pubs. In the late 70s into 80s it was a similar thing, exc the pubs with McD's (still there), Wimpy and Golden Egg (both long gone, though they could have been the same site), Pizzaland (where I enjoyed the half pizza with salad option rather than the slimy puffy things available over the road at PizzaHut, also long gone). There were also a few independent clothes shops here, specifically Bobby Summers, an alternative men's fashion boutique where my mate Paul worked on Saturdays and used to show up at school (6th Form) wearing some quite unusual pieces. Basically, if Spandau Ballet had hailed from Romford, this is where they would have shopped. Up at the junction there was Shirleys children's clothes and school uniforms (this might be the same site that became Pizza Express). And round the corner was the Locarno Snooker Hall where Steve Davis honed his skills.
Lots of this was still discerible on my return visit – I walked into the pedestrian area of South Street and recalled
Ratners jewellers on the right hand corner (oh Gerald, you ought not have said that!) and, a few doors up just by the Post Office, the opening of Bumbles burger restaurant by Radio One DJ Ed 'Stewpot' Stewart c1974. Above No.93 I noticed a letter 'N' embedded in the façade – I wondered what shop that might have been. But I moved on. Further along tere's another Art Deco era shop at FootAsylum and I think this was either Lilley & Skinner or Trueform, both shoe shops.
FU Jeans shop was on the opposite side in the 1970s. They had a definitive style with machined vertical lines on the pockets. They had a real up-to-the-minute styling and the jeans material was different/stiffer from the well-known brands which were available from another excellent jeans shop just down the road in the Quadrant Arcade – an independent shop lined in wood, evoking a log cabin. They stocked Lois, Falmers, Lee Cooper, Lee's, Leroy and more. I've always found it odd how so many jeans brands begin with the letter L; probably due to Levi's.
The Quadrant Arcade entrance on South Street used to have Dolcis on the right side where WowFactor is now.
In the 1980s, Next appeared on many UK high streets and took up position in Romford at the left hand side of this entrance. Mum and I thought that Next was a hideous, offering capsule wardrobes and accessories for the aspiring middle manager of both sexes in a one-stop-shop experience. In the 70s, one of my schoolfriends had a Saturday job in the arcade within Tito's Italian restaurant café. At that time I found the arcade to be dark, dingy, old and out-of-date and I mostly used it as a cut-through to other places – it had certainly lost the attraction of its moderne 1930s heyday and, apart from the aforementioned jean shop, there wan't much in there to attract a teenager, being as this was the back entrance to the fuddy-duddy middle-aged polyester zone of the Co-op's women's dept. No one appreciated the 1930s in the 1970s. I'd love to  be able time-travel now – I'm sure I'd now find it to be absolutely delightful. Actually, stop press (update), as I write this I now remember as a very small child we often bought flowers for Grandma from a florist near the centre of the arcade adjacent to where I am pretty sure there was an access door to another large/department store that faced onto the market. 
In contrast to my teenage years, these days I'm all about looking up, looking around me, noticing those little snippets that hint at local history
. This means that on this return visit I looked at things with a different eye, noticing buildings and details that had never been on my radar when I lived there, such as this building (right) which is opposite The Quadrant Arcade, and today a branch of the Halifax. It's an elegant construction with a strangely delicate (?adapted) metal canopied arcade along the side edge, but I am torn as to whether it's 1930s or 1950s. Does anyone have any idea who it was built for? I also noticed hints of some early C20th façades at the southern end of South Street on the right hand side just before the market. 
This side road by the Halifax leads to what would have been access to the Romford brewery buildings anf thr rear of the White Hart pub. Which reminds me – the stink of Romford's Ind Coope Brewery where they brewed Double Diamond, Oranjeboom and others. Whatever they cooked up on a Tuesday was hideous – it hung in the air and stuck at the back of my throat – ugh.
So, with time to spare before I was due to meet my friends, I wandered round into the High Street and all the way to the end, almost to the roundabout, where it meets Waterloo Road and the London Road, and I turned and looked back. I tried to imagine how this busy thoroughfare was the main route from London taking traffic along here and through the market then along the old Roman Road to the Essex coast. The view shown here has been almost the same for about 40 years – a church, albeit an interesting brutalist design, and a selection of independent shops, including a barber, a couple of charity shops and an antiques shop etc set below post-WWII flats. 
The old Angel public house is still standing and displays a lovely old tiled panel advertising Romford's brewing heritage of Ind Coope's Ales & Stouts to nobody inparticular. The sign might be the largest of this kind I have seen. As regards the pub itself, I can't recall ever going inside. Or perhaps I did. By at least 1990 it had been converted into a nightclub. I wonder what will become of it next.
The main entrance to the brewery site faces north between the church and the market place. The huge metal gates were once used by dreymen steering carts laden with ale pulled by powerful cart horses. Today, if you walk through these gates, you will feel you've somehow managed to travel to a different location, because beyond here it resembles out-of-town retail park – a huge car park surrounded by the big guys such as TKMaxx, Boots, and other outlets and homogenised entertainments. This is the kind of 'progress' that depresses me.
Further along the High Street, closer to the market, I noticed that part of the brewery buildings now houses the Havering Museum. It's a big shame that when I was there, on a Saturday, it was closed. Taht's bonjkers. I must go back to have a look in here.
A favourite Romford pub of my early drinking days in the late 80s was The White Hart in the High Street. At that time it sat opposite Woolworths and High and Mighty (both gone). It's closed as you can see here, but you can still see external evidence of how this was once a marvellous old coaching inn and an integral part of Romford's history. As 6th formers we loved hanging out in the back room in the dark wood-panelled room – it simply reeked of history. You could imagine the coaches arriving and the horses whinnying as they came to a halt and were led to stables at the rear. By 1980 it had been gutted and remodelled as The Bitter End, a ridiculous theme pub. I was appalled. 

And so to the market. I had been pre-warned that it would be a dribble compared to its vibrant past. But it was OK, a pleasant surprise, especially considering the past 18 months. It wasn't anywhere near the densely-packed environment that I experienced 30+ years ago but there was still a good diversity of products available.
I met with my friends and we walked a bit more around the market a
nd the handful of old buildings adjacent to the church and the Rumford shopping hall, whilst sharing stories, observations and remembrances. I stupidly didn't take photos at that time so the image shown one is from later in the day when the traders were packing up but it still gives a sense of the space, and also shows the other entrance to the Quadrant Arcade building.
At the top end of the market the Bull's Head public house is still there, which is great, but I don't recall going in there very often. Back in the 80s we preferred The Lamb next door to Lloyds at the end of the market (to the immediate left in the pic above, but out of shot) because it was more intimate and attracted a cross-section of ages and personalities – market traders and old fellas having conversations with punks and librarians at the bar. It still appears to be doing well.
There was also the Kings Head which was a new late 1970s build (I think) within the shopping precinct at the far end of the shopping precinct, opposite the new Sainsbury's supermarket (which mum correctly predicted would bring about the end of the independent trader and the market. She was also right when she predicted that free plastic shopping bags would also cause problems). I really didn't like the King's Head and thought it a horrible place. It was named after the [old] King's Head pub that had been demolished on the market place, sort of where Habitat used to be. The new one was designed like a dodgy nightclub and attracted mostly underage kids wearing the latest cheap and hideous fashions. Even at age 18 I would go in there and feel old! But I suppose at least the police knew where everyone was. Had they raided he place the clientele would have scattered far and wide. 
My friends and I  peeked in through the windows at the cavernous shell of what used to be Debenhams and also recalled
Littlewoods, Keddies and C&As and then it was time for some lunch. Our hostelry of choice was The Golden Lion where we were joined by one of my dearest schoolfriendsform my 6th form years in the "Secret Garden" at the rear, which wasn't really a secret being as it is advertised on an A-board outside. It's basically the pub's old parking area recovered in fake grass**.  But it's a great place for a few pints and pub grub. The Golden Lion, a historic tavern, is one of many pubs that likes to say it was a stopping point for Dick Turpin – boy, that man covered some ground! The exterior still evokes bygone times with its horizntal weatherboarding over warped walls but the inside has undergone many adaptations – back in the 80s-90s the interior must've changed about four times – it seemed that every time I went in there, the bar had moved from the centre, then to the left and to the right. Again, the back room was always the best place to be when I was in my late teens and early 20s. 
It was great to catch up with my girlfriends in 2021 and, of course, one drink turned into three. At about 5pm we said our goodbyes and wandered off in different directions. 
I then made my way into The Liberty, the central shopping area, only to discover that it's been completely covered over and is now more like an airport or train station, with no individual identity at all – the boxy fountain and outside spaces are long gone. I was also amazed to find that the shops were closing at 5.30pm which I thought was strange for a Saturday but I was later told that it's because the town centre has a very busy nightlife and the pwers that be seal off the whole shopping precinct. Oh OK. And ugh.
So I instead went for a walk around the around the municipal buildings and gardens at the lower end of Main Road, adjacent to the library, town hall and memorial gardens. 
It turns out that Romford Town Hall is now Havering Town Hall. Considering how often I had walked past this (see school below) I had never before taken in how beautifully designed it is. Municipal buildings are often overlooked. I walked a full circle of it looking for a foundation stone with information baout the architect and date, but found nothing. 
I then reaslised that this was the first time I had never set foot in the adjacent memorial gardens and, on approaching the police station, I remembered going there (ooh 1973?) with may other schoolkids to see Mervyn Day, goal keeper of West Ham FC, to get his autograph. To be honest, at the time I had no idea who he was and didn't really give a hoot about football, yet for some reason I occasionally wore a claret and blue scarf, though it was mainly white with thin stripes. That's teeanagers for you. Fitting in and all that. I didn't even like that scarf!
I made my way back to the station through the market and along South Street.
It was now 7pm and the cavernous pubs run by well-known chains such as Yates and Wetherspoons were already busy. Some people had obviously just finished a day's shopping, and others, by the sound levels and colourful language, had been there all afternoon,. Many more were joining in, dressed as if they were on a Med holiday. Compare this to the Romford pub scene of my youth which consisted of a few old geezers, a handful of punks, three goths and a few people having a pint before the pictures. 
Just before I reached the station I glanced to the right. At the side of the railway tracks there used to be a narrow footpath known as 'the battice' that ran through to Waterloo Rd alongside the brewery site. Most evenings, usually Fridays and Saturdays, there was a man selling tasteless burgers from a white hand cart here – he was an enigma because nobody ever saw him arriving or setting up. Ping! He was either there or not there. Well, he wasn't there this time.  
A super-fast train arrived within three minutes and I was back home in north London just after 8pm. Wow! What a great day out. It took me much much longer to write it all up that it did to experience it.

Other thoughts, memories and observations:

The Romford Carnival – wow that was good when I was a child. A long procession than went down Victoria Road where we stood waving streamers and blowing horns at the floats and bands such as The Romford Drum and Trumpet Corps. We then went over the railway bridge and through Lodge Farm Park to see it all again from Main Road before the procession went into the park and ended on the football fields at the rear of Raphaels Park. Then a couple of days of the fair. It was bloody marvellous.

The Victoria Hospital in Pettits Lane. This was much smaller than Oldchurch, the main hospital. I am amazed, considering the extent of demolition elsewhere that these buildings, where mum went when she had appendicitis and I went to have my tonsils extracted, are still standing almost unchanged.
The same cannot be said of my school buildings. I was the first year of the comprehensive system (something else mum wasn't happy about). I went to Marshalls Park school which meant 3 years at the Lower School building (previously Pettits Lane Grammar) and then the rest at the Upper School (previously Romford Tech, which is where I would have gone had the 11-plus not been scrapped). The latter, complete with modern outbuildings containing  then state-of-the art science labs, art rooms and cookery departments, was demolished and replaced with housing abut 20 years ago. These mock-Tudors houses in Havering Drive are where the entrance to the school used to be and I notice that the tennis courts that used to be opposite have also gone. There are some pics of the old school on The Marshall Park Academy site.  
The Dolphin centre – a rubbish swimming pool with a stupid wave machine and pyramidal roof.
The massive pale blue gas holders by the railway line at the end of Crow Lane. Impressive landmarks. Now gone.  

Downtown Records in Lockwood Walk was excellent.    

Big events in the market – top celebrities and TV stars such as Anita Harris (oh yeah!)

Romford nightlife in the 1980s. Not much worth mentioning. Not sure there was anything. We mostly took it in turns to drive somewhere or got trains/buses to other places such as Chadwell Heath (aargh what was the name of that place?), to Seven Kings (Lacy Lady), Ilford (a few), and many others, or the other way out towards Brentwood and beyond. Romford did boast The Rezz, in North Street, sort of below Caxton's bookshop and a furniture store – a fab venue for alternative and live music on Wednesday nights. By the 90s both cinemas, the ABC and the Odeon had failing attendances and the latter was converted into a two-zone nightclub called Time/Envy. I went in there with a couple of old schoolfriends in the late 90s. We managed 30 mins but all felt the need to run away. 
And, if you think I've missed something, I might have mentioned it last time here

*There is no word for this! 

**Are we not trying to rid the world of plastic?

19 September 2021

A cotton-picking conundrum in Goswell Road

There is a lovely temple-esque tiled façade on a building at 338-346 Goswell Road, a stone's throw from the Angel junction in Islington. On it are four roundels depicting, from left to right, a worker in a cotton field, a sailing ship, a steam ship and a steam train.

These two pics show the building in 2015 when the metal panels between the windows were painted white

In 2015 the paint on the window panels was removed to appear as a bronze colour, taking them back to how I suspect they would have appeared when the building was first constructed. Then, in 2019, a lick of black paint was applied.

In the last few years there has been serious debate concerning the depictions of historic figures associated with the slave trade. This has lead to the subsequent removal of statues and memorials across the country. Here in Islington, questions were also raised about this Goswell Road building and whether the roundel showing a black worker in a cotton field was suitable in today's climate.

In November 2020 scaffolding was erected and, during another renovation process, the roundel depicting the cotton fields was over-painted as solid blue. However, if you look closely, indeed from the other side of the road, you can easily still make out the raised lines.

Whilst I do understand the important decisions we should make as to who is commemorated on our streets, nobody has as yet come up with a decent explanation as to why this cotton-picking roundel was put here in the first instance; who or what does it accurately relates to? And I think that's important. If mistakes have been made then we should learn from them. I, for one, would like to see a small plaque at street level, explaining why the blue paint is there so that people can learn about the past and how we should improve ourselves going forward. 

So who built 338-346 Goswell Road? And for whom? Where were the cotton fields? Over the past six years or so I've occasionally tried to look into this and I have a few ideas (see below). Back in 2016, an enquiry on the subject was made to Islington Archaeology and History Society and Michael Reading gave this explanation which seems to have become the cut-and-paste explanation for everywhere else I've seen it referenced:

[edited] These used to be five separate properties ... a variety of business and trades, except for no 346 which was occupied for the whole period as the Brethren Meeting House. From around 1930 to 1933, there were no entries ... The 1933 directory shows that nos 338-346 were occupied by the International Tobacco Company Ltd and Peter Jackson (Tobacco Manufacturers) Ltd. The 1935 directory has the same entry, but 1939 shows that these premises were now occupied by Post Office Stores Dept (Goswell Road Dept)... I would venture the black worker signifies tobacco farming. The two images of ships, one by sail and the other by steam, signify the export of tobacco around the world over many years and, finally, the image of a steam train the delivery of finished tobacco products. 

Having checked the available directories and maps myself, this all rings true as regards who was there at those dates. However, this often-repeated explanation of the roundels has always confounded me being as the depiction here is clearly of cotton fields rather than a tobacco plantation.

A few years ago I found something about this site being the premises of the Cooperative Wholesale Society but I cannot now find where I sourced that – I probably lost my reference in The Great AppleMac Crash of 2018 along with a large chunk of other un-archived research – grr!  If my memory serves me well, and this is indeed a CWS construction, I'd suggest that this beautifully designed building is a product of the architects working under consistently-innovative Leonard Grey Ekins, head of the CWS's London-based architects, and the gap in the records could suggest that the building was constructed in the early 1930s, which visually looks to be about right. Then, when CWS vacated the site the tobacco company moved in for a while prior to the buildng becoming the Post Office Stores. 

This would explain the reference to cotton farming and the transport of that commodity because Robert Owen, the founder of the CWS, was a social reformer and philanthropist who had started as an importer of cotton. If Robert Owen is the key to the roundels, and I rather hope so, then I very much doubt that he was employing what we'd call 'slaves'. As an advocate of workers' rights and good working conditions, he would have more likely paid his workers a decent wage and offered on-site housing of some kind.

I had an idea that perhaps the building simply depicts some motifs relevant to the area's history. Indeed there is another link to cotton here – British History Online makes reference to John Hall, a City cotton merchant having factory premises adjacent to here in the late 18th century and this also ties in rather well with the images in the four roundels. John Hall is quite a common name, and I found this, which I think is probably the same man and makes for interesting reading. But, if that is indeed what's being shown here, it still doesn't explain who constructed the building and for whom, so I'm clinging on to my Robert Owen idea and I will update here if I find out more.

Oh, and another thing... I am wondering if these ceramic roundels were created by the wonderfully-gifted Gilbert Bayes as they really do look like his style. Which reminds me, I really must organise an online talk about him. To much to do, too little time... 

338-346 Goswell Road, September 2021


18 August 2021

Remembering Romford market in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s

In 1964, when I was two years old, we moved from Dad's family home in Becontree, into a house in Albert Road, Romford, Essex, 17 miles east of central London, in the London Borough Havering. 
During my school years this was a part of Outer London Education Authority (OLEA). Today I notice that Romford is classed as London. It seems that these days anywhere within Transport for London's travel zones is considered to be part of London. But when I was at school, we never thought of Romford as was London. We lived in Essex. We went to London. Catching a train to go into the big city was something you did occasionally for a special day out with the family or friends.
Elderly members of Mum's family talked when they were children in the 1900s and the town was little more than a cattle market town surrounded by fields. There had been a fair bit of expansion and new build in the 1930s but that was just a few shops here an there, a couple of cinemas, a shopping arcade etc. The pic below is from a book that used to be my granddad's, but it's not dated or credited. I think it could be late 1930s as it does show some buildings of that era. 

It shows north street and South Street cutting a diagonal from top left to bottom right, with St Edward's church on the north side of the market, just above centre. The triangle to the right was all demolished, indeed, an area twice what's shown here, was to be flattened and replaced in the 1960s. A few decades later, the buildings to the left side would also be demolished, including those that made up the Ind Coope brewery.  
As a young child in the late 1960s, I recall mum being really disappointed about the ring road that was built to be around the central shopping zone. Many buildings were subsequently demolished in the name of progress. Mum, then approaching 30 years old, had lived in the area since a child herself and was saddened at the scale of the redevelopment. It was out with the old and in with the new; a bulldozer approach. She often commented that Romford had lost almost all its history with no attractive memorial, markers or statues. And, for some inexplicable reason, despite being a well-known stop on a Roman Road, a busy market town, the town wasn't even listed in the Domesday Book.  
This 13-minute [silent] video from The London Film Archives clearly shows the extent of the changes that were made at that time.
The major problem was traffic flow. By the 1960s the town had expanded from a rural cattle market to a major shopping town and the narrow streets could no longer cope with the congestion, especially at the junction of North St, South St and the High Street when buses could barely turn the corner, as this film shows. Traffic could no longer drive straight through the market to continue through into Main Road and this caused a bottleneck at the centre.
As a schoolchild, I actually remember the new shopping precinct being constructed, especially at the side and rear of M&S. A carousel was installed, probably to keep the punters distracted and happy during the mess.
The new ringroad effectively took the soul and vibrancy out of the town, making the area within a kind of dead zone after the shops closed in the evening. Only a handful of old pubs, St Edwards church and the cobbled market area remained to hint at its bygone bustling and vibrant past. This fate was to befall many of London's satellite towns during the 1960s.
The new shopping centre called The Liberty, recalling a large house that it replaced, was a success and Romford continued be the best shopping destination in Essex with the added bonus of the huge market on Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays, offering superb diversity and quality of produce – a real go-to place. 
A strange modern fountain was installed in at the centre, a tall structure in shades of blue above three octagonal pools, that I later used as unconscious inspiration for an art project. In later years, the structure was painted brown – they said to be reminiscent of old market crates (eh?!) but it always looked to me like a defunct outdoor swimming pool that had been transformed in a hurry. 
I must admit that, as a teenager, I used to think the naming of High Street was odd. I thought it was an odd road to nowhere with strange shops at the far end near the roundabout on the ringroad – it just didn't' occur to me that it had previously been the main thoroughfare in the past. To my mind, the main road was South Street because that's where the big shops and the station was sited. Hindsight eh?! 
By October 1980 I had a job in Covent Garden and was travelling back and forth into London five days a week. I loved working in central London; the history, the bustle, the shops, the mix of everything, the opportunities. In 1985 I was earning enough to buy myself a little starter home near Harold Wood Station, two stops further out from Romford, and I only went into Romford town centre on occasional Saturdays or before or after visiting Mum and my sister. 
Then, in 1988, I moved to Holloway, north London, to be even closer to work and my social life, returning to Romford only to visit Mum until she died in the late 1990s. I have kept in touch with a few school friends, but Romford has rarely been the place to meet.
In 2005, after visiting a friend in Gidea Park, I went for a nose about around the shops for old times' sake. Oh dear. I walked about with my mouth open, aghast at how so much further change had taken place. Mum would have been even more disgusted. I walked through to where the brewery used to be, shops arranged around a huge car park – the likes of Next, Boots and TKMaxx. It looked more like an out-of-town industrial park. My facial expression obviously gave me away because three different ladies stopped to ask if I was OK/lost!!
That wasn't a market day, and I made a mental note to return to see if the once jam-packed bustling market that I remember from my schooldays was still anywhere near as vibrant. For inspiration, I hunted online and found there's lots of pictoral and video reference to be found including these short films about the market on YouTube. This inspired me to recall the stalls I remember in the years up to about 1985. 
Starting from the High Street end and making our way to to the ring road at the junction with the library at town hall:
There was a brilliant record stall on the right, just before the Quadrant Arcade, cheaper than the aforementioned Downtown Records, WHSmiths, or Woolworths. My handsome friend Vince used to work there. Opposite, on the left side, two rows of stalls included an excellent stall for knitters offering all sorts of well-priced yarns (I was prolific and knitted back and forth to work on the train, making mohair and aran-style jumpers for friends!), a housewares stall (one of mum's favourites, tho I think she fancied one of the fellas there), a brilliant stall with knock-off 'branded' logo sweatshirts and T-shirts, etc. I particularly recall my JPS one which I said was Jane Parker Special, and the black one with a Guinness roundel.This was before I'd ever had a sip of the marvellous black stuff – I wore that sweatshirt to take my driving test, which I passed first time.
Just past St Edward's church and Wykeham Hall (marvellous jumble sales) there was a men's clothing stall aimed at the belcher chain wearing 'casuals' and I recall hearing a young geezer, in a pale blue jumper and beige slacks, ask the stall holder if he had "any of those Perry Car Din jumpers". In this zone and all the way up to the Rumford Shopping Hall on the left there were three lanes of stalls piled high with fruit and veg, and many more on the opposite side outside Littlewoods, Coles and Habitat. It was so colourful. The calls from the traders was marvellous. Free furra pahnd etc. Think of that "Morny Stannit" sketch by the Two Ronnies (which doesn't seem to be available online or I'd include it here).
Outside Debenhams, which I recall as a small child being Stones, there was a broken biscuit stall and one of the best material/fabric stalls in the market stocking fab end-of-line cut-price suitings and linens. I made lots of my own clothes back then, including lined jackets and trousers – why oh why did I not take photos of my creations and what did I do with those pieces? Then, continuing along the Debenhams side, all the way up to almost the end of the market by the Rossi's ice cream van (yummy!) there was an excellent selection of shoe stalls. 
Oh, and I now remember Kiddie City the toy shop at the end of the entrance to the precinct – much earlier, when I was about five years old this was a cycle shop and Dad took me here to buy my first bike, a big blue tricycle with an open compartment at the rear. I cycled it all the way home, partly along Mercury Gardens which was then just a country lane/track. Today, that lane is a dual carriageway forming part of the ring road. And I have vague memories of walking past old houses at the top end of the market that then linked to little paths at the side of the Town Hall enabling us to cut through to the streets that led to grandma and granddad's house in Dorset Ave
Back to the market area. The Rumford Shopping Hall behind the fruit stalls contained many more good haberdashers and material stalls plus second hand and antique stalls. And then, within the widest section at the far end on the left adjacent to the bus stops, there were four rows of stalls offering a wide variety of things. When I was a small child, I remember seeing animals/pets for sale here; puppies, rabbits, birds, small reptiles, etc, but by the 80s these were long gone. The end of the market today looks like this but this pastiche construction was not there when I lived in the area. I recall large wooden construction with ads pasted onto it. I am sure it was a sort of muddy green/khaki colour framed in white – it doubled up as sheds for the traders' stall frames.

Well, it's taken about 17 years to get around to another visit, specifically on a market day. This was brought about by one of my online talks via Zoom which is about street markets in central London and how they have diminished, adapted, or disappeared completely as our shopping habits have changed. Conversations after that talk have provoked discussions about markets on the periphery of London and how Romford was one of the best. On Saturday 14th August I made the pilgrimage. I met up with a couple of ladies who have attended my talks (nice to finally meet them in the flesh!) and we were joined by one of my schoolfriends who lives in Rush Green.
Here goes... Actually, no... I've changed my mind... I keep remembering more things... this is already too long and I have lots of pics to sort out that I took on the day. I do the 2021 update in a separate post.